Thursday, February 02, 2017

Litigators Beware! Judge Gorsuch is a Stickler on Procedural Matters (Except When He Isn't)

This continues a series on the bankruptcy opinions of Neil Gorsuch, President Trump's nominee for the Supreme Court seat vacated by the death of Antonin Scalia.   One point which is clear is that Judge Gorsuch strongly believes that rules should be followed and is not sympathetic to arguments that procedural failures may be excused.

Wednesday, February 01, 2017

Did Gorsuch Expand Bankruptcy Court Referral Power?

Newly minted Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch sat on the Tenth Circuit for ten years.  During that time, he signed on to eleven opinions regarding bankruptcy, which means that he wrote about bankruptcy around once a year.    None of his opinions are particularly well-known.  (In contrast, fellow finalist Thomas Hardiman authored the opinion in Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors vs. CIT Group/Business Credit, Inc. (In re Jevic Holding Corp.), 787 F.3d 173 (3rd Cir. 2015) which is currently before the Supreme Court).    However, these opinions demonstrate his crisp writing style and offer some insights into his judicial thinking.   I am going to look at one of his opinions in depth and follow up with a separate post on his remaining decisions.

Saturday, January 21, 2017

Minnesota Judge Shows Disclosure Statement Wisdom

The case for The Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, No. 15-30125 (Bankr. D. Minn.) has been an extremely contentious one.   The Debtor and the Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors have different ideas on how to compensate sexual abuse claims and have submitted competing plans.    Not surprisingly, both parties objected to the other's disclosure statement.    The orders entered by Judge Robert Kressel show remarkable wisdom about how the disclosure statement process works in the real world.    

Tuesday, December 27, 2016

Dismissal Ruling Full of Disney Allusions

Judge H. Christopher Mott of the Western District of Texas is known to fill his opinions with references to movies and pop songs.   His latest opinion in Xtreme Power Plan Trust v. Schindler, et al (In re Xtreme Power, Inc.), No. 16-1004 (Bankr. W.D. Tex. 12/22/16) continues this trend with allusions to Disney's Frozen, an ironic reference given the current warm weather in Austin.   

The opinion begins:

This type of lawsuit has become somewhat commonplace—directors of a now defunct corporation are sued for breach of fiduciary duties. Here, the parties are currently “Frozen” in battle—as the Defendants filed motions to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), echoing “Indina Menzel” to demand that the Plaintiff just “let it go.” For the most part, the Court agrees with the Defendants and will send all but a single claim to a wintery grave.
Opinion, pp. 1-2.

Following a lengthy opinion, the Court allowed a claim against four directors for breach of the duty of loyalty to proceed while concluding that "the remainder of the Complaint skates on such thin ice that it must be dismissed under Rule 12(b)(6)." 

While I do not have time for a lengthy analysis, click on the style of the case above to read it.   It is useful reading for those litigating director and officer liability claims.


Friday, December 23, 2016

Circuit Split Emerging on Dischargeability of Late Returns



There is an emerging circuit split as to whether late filed tax returns can ever be considered to be “returns.”   The issue arises because BAPCPA included a paragraph stating that a return “means a return that satisfies the requirements of applicable nonbankruptcy law (including applicable filing requirements.”    This is known as the hanging paragraph of section 523(a) because it appears following section 523(a)(19) without any other designation.

Monday, December 12, 2016

Protection for Religious Entities in Bankruptcy



This is an article that I wrote for the National Conference of Bankruptcy Judges this year.
Freedom of religion is enshrined in the First Amendment to the Constitution which protects the free exercise of religion, as well as legislation such as the Religious Freedom Restoration Act[1] the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of 2000[2] and the Religious Liberty and Charitable Donation Protection Act[3].   When religious and secular parties clash in bankruptcy court the constitutional and statutory protections of religion are often invoked but rarely successful.   This paper will give a brief overview of the issues.

Sunday, October 30, 2016

NCBJ Report 2016: Restructuring and Bankruptcy Challenges in the 21st Century World of Not for Profits

This was the first of two educational programs sponsored by the Commercial Law League of America.   I had the privilege of appearing on a panel featuring moderator Beverly Weiss Manne, Prof.  Pam Foohey, Sam Maizel and Nancy Peterman.   Prof. Foohey and I focused on religious entities in bankruptcy, while Sam Maizel and Nancy Peterman discussed healthcare non-profits.   

Types of Cases Filed

On the church side, Prof. Foohey's research shows that 654 churches filed bankruptcy between 2006 and 2013.   The vast majority of these churches were African American congregations.    Some of the notable filings during 2016 included Carter Tabernacle Christian Methodist Episcopal Church, a 100 year old congregation in Orlando and Metropolitan Baptist Church in the District of Columbia.    Since 2004, fifteen Catholic Dioceses and religious orders have sought chapter 11 protection to resolve sexual abuse claims.   Two examples of these cases are the Diocese of Stockton which is proceeding toward a consensual confirmation following a two year mediation process and the Diocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, MN where competing plans have been proposed by the Diocese and the Committee of Unsecured Creditors.    Finally, a handful of predominantly white mega-churches, such as the Crystal Cathedral and Great Hills Baptist Church have entered chapter 11 proceedings.   On the healthcare side, there have been at least nine hospital bankruptcies filed this year.   However, healthcare filings range from community hospitals to skilled nursing facilities.    In re Bayou Shores, SNF, LLC, 828 F.3d 1297 (11th Cir. 2016) is an example of the issues that can arise in the healthcare sector.